Kirti Delhi, India 226 Questions 325 Answers 23 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Kirti Asked: June 5, 20212021-06-05T10:03:39+05:30 2021-06-05T10:03:39+05:30In: UPSC PRELIMS What was the liberal policy of Lord Ripon? What was the liberal policy of Lord Ripon? history Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Ishu Innovative 370 Questions 228 Answers 176 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Ishu Innovative 2021-06-07T14:32:38+05:30Added an answer on June 7, 2021 at 2:32 pm Lord Ripon (1880-84) was a staunch Liberal democrat with faith in self-government. He was appointed as the Viceroy of India in 1880. Ripon was instructed to reverse the Afghan policy of Lytton. As a result, peace was made with Afghanistan without affecting the British prestige. Important measures are taken by Lord Ripon: Introduction of Local Self-Government: Ripon helped the growth of local bodies like the Municipal Committees in towns and the local boards in taluks and villages. The local bodies were given executive powers with financial resources of their own. Educational reforms: To improve the system of Education in India, Ripon appointed a Commission in 1882 under the chairmanship of Sir William Hunter. The Commission recommended for the expansion and improvement of the elementary education of the masses. First Factory Act (1881): Lord Ripon introduced the Factory Act of 1881 to improve the service condition of the factory workers in India. The Act banned the appointment of children below the age of seven in factories. It reduced the working hours for children. Ilbert Bill Agitation: The Ilbert Bill was a legislative act introduced in 1883 during the tenure of Viceroy Ripon and written by Sir Ilbert. The act stipulated that Indian judges could try Europeans. The mere possibility that a European could be tried by an Indian, whom the Europeans regard as inferiors, was a point of much anger and resentment. So it was withdrawn but was reintroduced and enacted in 1884 in a severely compromised state. The passage of this bill opened the eyes of the Indians and deepened antagonism between the British and Indians. He was also responsible for the rendition of Mysore to its Hindu ruler. Moreover, he repealed the Vernacular Press Act and earned much popularity among Indians. -6 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Select as best answer Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What are the Issues with Government of India Act, 1935? Tell us about the Government of India Act, 1935.