Khushboo Lucknow, 300 Questions 0 Answers 0 Best Answers 343 Points View Profile Khushboo Asked: October 29, 20212021-10-29T19:30:01+05:30 2021-10-29T19:30:01+05:30In: GENERAL What is Tuberculosis? What is Tuberculosis? current affairsdisease Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent 0 Questions 307 Answers 60 Best Answers 0 Points View Profile [Deleted User] 2021-10-29T19:37:34+05:30Added an answer on October 29, 2021 at 7:37 pm World Tuberculosis (TB) Day Context: Each year, World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is commemoration on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB. Analysis: World TB Day: The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease. Theme: The theme of World TB Day 2020 – ‘It’s time What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. Transmission: TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air. Symptoms: Common symptoms of active lung TB are cough with sputum and blood at times, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of TB caused by bacteria that do not respond to at least isoniazid rifampicin, the 2 most powerful first-line anti-TB drugs. MDR-TB is treatable and curable by using second-line drugs. However, second-line treatment options are limited and require extensive chemotherapy (up to 2 years of treatment) with medicines that are expensive and toxic. In some cases, more severe drug resistance can develop. Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is a more serious form of MDR-TB caused by bacteria that do not respond to the most effective second-line anti-TB drugs, often leaving patients without any further treatment options. What is extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB)? Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR TB) is a rare type of MDR TB that is resistant to isoniazid rifampin, plus any fluoroquinolone and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs (i.e., amikacin, kanamycin, or capreomycin). Government initiatives to enTB Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY): The government of India introduced Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) as monthly financial assistance towards nutrition for TB patients in 2018. It aims to- To determine the number (proportion) of TB patients who received the benefits To explore the challenges encountered by the health care providers in delivering the NPY through DBT To explore the ways the incentives were utilized by the patients. TB Harega Desh Jeetega: Launched in 2019, it is a nationwide campaign to spread disease awareness about TB and encourage people with TB symptoms to seek medical attention. Saksham Pravah Project: The project provides home-based counseling to MDR-TB patients and caregivers. Patients are encouraged to share fears and talk about the discrimination, depression, and familial discord they face. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What is Pathalgadi? What is Bodo Accord?
World Tuberculosis (TB) Day
Each year, World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is commemoration on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB. Analysis:
World TB Day:
What is Tuberculosis?
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB):
What is extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB)?
Government initiatives to enTB