Khushboo Lucknow, 300 Questions 0 Answers 0 Best Answers 343 Points View Profile Khushboo Asked: October 29, 20212021-10-29T10:56:35+05:30 2021-10-29T10:56:35+05:30In: GENERAL What is Mitochondria? What is Mitochondria? current affairsscience & technology Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent 0 Questions 307 Answers 60 Best Answers 0 Points View Profile [Deleted User] 2021-10-29T11:09:02+05:30Added an answer on October 29, 2021 at 11:09 am Scientists discover an animal that doesn’t breathe oxygen Context: Scientists at Tel Aviv University have discovered a jellyfish-like parasite that doesn’t need oxygen because it doesn’t breathe. About: The discovery was made by accident as the team was sequencing the genome of a common salmon parasite called Henneguyasalminicola. When they searched for a mitochondrial genome, they didn’t find anything. The parasite Henneguyasalminicola is a myxozoan cnidarian — a type of animal related to jellyfish and coral. It consists of less than 10 cells in its being. It lives inside salmon’s muscles and leeches energy off its host. But it is not a harmful parasite, it can live the fi sh’s entire life inside it. The environment inside its host is almost entirely free of oxygen. This meant that it didn’t need the mitochondria anymore once it found another way to adapt. So it dropped its mitochondrial genome entirely, so as to save energy and not copy genes for multiplication. It gave up breathing. What are Mitochondria? Mitochondria are organelles that trap oxygen and help to break it down to provide energy for the cell. Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate metabolic energy in eukaryotic cells needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria contain their small chromosomes. Generally, mitochondria, and therefore mitochondrial DNA, are inherited only from the mother. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions Tell us about different types of Orbits. What is Pathalgadi?
Scientists discover an animal that doesn’t breathe oxygen
Scientists at Tel Aviv University have discovered a jellyfish-like parasite that doesn’t need oxygen because it doesn’t breathe.
What are Mitochondria?