Aparna Lucknow, India 601 Questions 0 Answers 0 Best Answers 678 Points View Profile Aparna Asked: October 20, 20212021-10-20T00:18:39+05:30 2021-10-20T00:18:39+05:30In: Polity What is Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)? Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). international organization Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Rahul 0 Questions 518 Answers 176 Best Answers 2k Points View Profile Rahul BRIGHT 2021-10-20T00:41:39+05:30Added an answer on October 20, 2021 at 12:41 am Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) It was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN. Aims & Purposes To accelerate the economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in the region through joint endeavors in the spirit of equality and partnership to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations; To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter; To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific, and administrative fields; To assist each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical, and administrative spheres; To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilization of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities, and the raising of the living standards of their peoples; To promote Southeast Asian studies, and To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves. History 1995 – Members signed a deal to create a nuclear-free zone in Southeast Asia. 1997 – Adoption of ASEAN Vision 2020. 2003 – Bali Concord II for the establishment of an ASEAN Community. 2007 – Cebu Declaration, to accelerate the establishment of the ASEAN Community by 2015. 2008 – ASEAN Charter comes into force and becomes a legally binding agreement. 2015 – Launch of ASEAN Community. ASEAN Structure ASEAN Coordinating Council (ACC) It was established in 2008, comprises the ASEAN Foreign Ministers, and is held at least twice annually to prepare for the ASEAN Summit. Roles of the ACC Prepare the meetings of the ASEAN Summit; Coordinate the implementation of agreements and decisions of the ASEAN Summit; Coordinate with the ASEAN Community Councils to enhance policy coherence, efficiency, and cooperation among them Coordinate the reports of the ASEAN Community Council to the ASEAN Summit; Consider the annual report of the Secretary-General on the work of ASEAN; Consider the report of the Secretary-General on the functions and operations of the ASEAN Secretariat and other relevant bodies; Approve the appointment and termination of the Deputy Secretaries-General upon the recommendation of the Secretary-General, and Undertake other tasks provided for in this Charter or such other functions as may be assigned by the ASEAN Summit. ASEAN Community Councils It comprises the Council of all the three pillars of ASEAN. Under their purview is the relevant ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies.ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars: ASEAN Political-Security Community ASEAN Economic Community ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Committee of Permanent Representatives It is constituted by the Permanent Representatives of ASEAN Member States. The Chairmanship of the Committee is in line with the annual rotation of ASEAN Chairmanship. The CPR’s tasks may generally be categorized as follows: Monitoring and implementing Leaders’ decisions; Coordinating cross-pillar issues; Strengthening relations with ASEAN’s external partners; and Providing substantive and administrative direction and support to the ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN-led Forums ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF): Launched in 1993. Its objective is to foster constructive dialogue and consultation on political and security issues of common interest and concern and to make significant contributions to efforts towards confidence-building and preventive diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific region. ASEAN Plus Three: The consultative group initiated in 1997 brings together ASEAN’s ten members, China, Japan, and South Korea. East Asia Summit (EAS): First held in 2005, the summit seeks to promote security and prosperity in the region and is usually attended by the heads of state from ASEAN, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea, and the United States. ASEAN plays a central role as the agenda-setter. Important is the region Economically If ASEAN were a country, it would be the seventh-largest economy in the world, with a combined GDP of $2.6 trillion in 2014. By 2050 it’s projected to rank as the fourth-largest economy. Home to more than 622 million people, the region has a larger population than the European Union or North America. It also has the third-largest labor force in the world, behind China and India. Free-trade agreements (FTAs) with China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, and New Zealand. ASEAN’s share of global exports has also risen, from only 2 percent in 1967 to 7 percent by 2016, indicating the rising importance of trade to ASEAN’s economic prospects. The ASEAN Single Aviation Market and Open Skies policies have increased its transport and connectivity potential. In News: India participated in the 17th ASEAN-India Virtual Summit at the invitation of Vietnam in 2020. The summit focussed to create strategies and measures to recover the economic losses due to the COVID-19 pandemic. India emphasized the centrality of ASEAN in the Act East Policy of India. He stated that a cohesive, responsive and prosperous ASEAN is central to India’s Indo-Pacific Vision and contributes to Security And Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR). 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer.Continue with FacebookContinue with Google Related Questions What is European Union (EU)? What is the G20 Work?