Sweety Stay Original. 142 Questions 116 Answers 102 Best Answers 783 Points View Profile Sweety Asked: August 2, 20202020-08-02T11:10:59+05:30 2020-08-02T11:10:59+05:30In: UPSC MAINS What is a census town? What is a census town? How can it boost India’s urbanization process? Discuss. current affairsgs 1 Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Rajnish Optimist 145 Questions 255 Answers 237 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Rajnish Optimist 2020-08-02T11:22:31+05:30Added an answer on August 2, 2020 at 11:22 am A Census town is a settlement that fulfills the criteria of being considered a town for the purposes of census, but has not been classified as an “Urban Area” by the state government. The criteria for being classified as a census town are: Population must be greater than 5000. Population density must be greater than 400 persons per sq. Km. At least 75% of the working population should be employed in non-agricultural sectors. The number of census towns trebled from 1,362 to 3,894 during 2001-2011, accounting for 30% of the total rise in the urban population of the country. Census towns can boost India’s urbanization process as: They are “self-evolving”, meaning that the urbanization here can take place without migration and the associated ills of urbanization such as sprawls, slums etc. These towns are “marketplace towns”, has emerged as a result of better connectivity and rising incomes. Proper attention towards them can make them flourish as proper urban centres. These towns are internal-consumption driven, which means that they are not dependent on external factors and are thus resilient. They have private schools, hospitals, etc which help in improving social indicators. Infrastructure demands in these towns arise not from government schemes such as Gram Sadak Yojana or Awas Yojana, but from private demand such as the aspiration for better houses and clubs and places of relaxation. This can boost private investment within India’s economy and pump up growth. Census towns can decongest the metropolis and help alleviate urban problems such as vehicular congestion, pollution, sub-standard sanitation, water woes, etc. Governments have recognized this and initiated schemes such as RURal to urBAN Mission (RURBAN), Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), etc. Classification as urban centers can lead to the establishment of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), which can tax the residents and lead to revenue generation which will lead to further developmental works. However, there are concerns regarding “Denied urbanization” wherein the state government denies urban status to these towns in order to avail central funding provided to village panchayats. This also leads to unplanned, haphazard, and sometimes skewed development. Governments must pay proper attention to these census towns if they want an inclusive, developed and urbanized society as well as to mitigate the ills of present-day urbanization in the metros. 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What is Pathalgadi? What is Bodo Accord?