Ishu Innovative 370 Questions 228 Answers 176 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Ishu Asked: May 14, 20212021-05-14T00:00:29+05:30 2021-05-14T00:00:29+05:30In: UPSC PRELIMS What are Sufi Orders in India? Describe Sufi Orders: Qalandars, Naqshbandi, Chisti, Suhrawardi. history Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Kirti Delhi, India 226 Questions 325 Answers 23 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Kirti 2021-05-14T01:06:50+05:30Added an answer on May 14, 2021 at 1:06 am Suhrawardi Suhrawardi silsilah was founded by Sheikh Shihabuddin Suhrawardi. It was established in India by Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya (1182-1262). He set up a leading khanqah in Multan, which was visited by rulers, high government officials and rich merchants. Sheikh Bahauddin Zakariya openly took Iltutmisht‘s side in his struggle against Qabacha and received from him the title Shaikhul Islam (Leader of Islam). It must be noted that, unlike the Chishti saints, the Suhrawardis maintained close contact with the state. They accepted gifts, jagirs, and even government posts in the ecclesiastical department. The Suhrawardi silsilah was firmly established in Punjab and Sind. Besides these two silsilahs there were others such as the Firdawsi Silsilah, Shattari Silsilah, Qadiri Silsilah, Naqshbandi Silsilah. Chishti The Chishti order was founded in a village called Khwaja Chishti (near Herat). In India, the Chishti silsilah was founded by Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (born c. 1142) who came to India around 1192. He made Ajmer the main centre for his teaching. He believed that serving mankind was the best form of devotion and therefore he worked amongst the downtrodden. Qalandars Qalandars are a loosely organized group of wandering Muslim dervishes who form an irregular (bī-shar’) or antinomian Ṣūfī mystical order. The Qalandarīyah seem to have arisen from the earlier Malāmatīyah in Central Asia and exhibited Buddhist and perhaps Hindu influences. The adherents of the order were notorious for their contempt for the norms of Muslim society, their use of drugs, and their coarse behaviour. They shaved their heads, faces, and eyebrows, dressed only in blankets or in hip-length hairshirts, led a wandering, nomadic life, and regarded all acts as lawful. Naqshbandi The Sihilah-i-Khwajgan known as the Naqshbandi Sufi Silsilah in India originated in Transoxiana (Turkey) under the foundership of Khwajah Abu Yousuf Hamdani (d.c.e. *f14G), Khwajah Bau’d-din Naqshband (c. e. 1318) was the seventh in the Naqshbandi series. He was adopted by Khwajah Muhammad Shamsi, the fifth descendent of Hamdani. Akbar’s reign brought a flourishing period of the Naqshbandi order in India. A number of scholars of the order migrated to India and settled here. 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Cancel the best answer Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What are the Issues with Government of India Act, 1935? Tell us about the Government of India Act, 1935.