Sweety Stay Original. 142 Questions 116 Answers 102 Best Answers 783 Points View Profile Sweety Asked: August 9, 20202020-08-09T14:28:16+05:30 2020-08-09T14:28:16+05:30In: UPSC MAINS National water commission India Describe the need for a National Water Commission. What role can it play in the management of water? gs 2polity Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Rajnish Optimist 145 Questions 255 Answers 237 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Rajnish Optimist 2020-08-09T14:34:55+05:30Added an answer on August 9, 2020 at 2:34 pm At present water management in our country is done by Central water commission (CWC), which develops surface water projects, and the Central Groundwater Board (CGWB), which monitors groundwater. They work independent of each other. Mihir Shah Committee recommended the National water commission. There is a need for National water commission due to following reasons: Previously we were more focused on building irrigation potential for food security. Today the challenge is to effectively utilize the potential of big dams, as the water is not reaching the farmers for whom it is meant. For instance Maharashtra has 40% of country’s dam but 82% of the state is rain fed. The new challenge is to manage our aquifers sustainably. Groundwater, which powered the Green Revolution, faces a crisis of sustainability. Water levels and water quality has fallen. The previous solution is now part of the problem Climate change poses fresh challenges exacerbated by impacts of floods and droughts. Hence water management requires experts from hydrology, hydrogeology, hydrometeorology, river ecology, ecological economics, agronomy and participatory resource planning and management. Role of National water commission: Management of water resources in a holistic manner and not separately as surface water, groundwater or river water. Will bring expertise in water utilization, environmental and socioeconomic issues, efficient irrigation, management of droughts, floods, climate change and food and water security. It would aim at reducing inter-state water disputes, bring greater efficiency, better planning and increased emphasis on conservation of water. Water management must take multipronged approach with professionals from different disciplines, participatory approach and successfully practices from all over the world. 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What is Pathalgadi? What is Bodo Accord?