Kirti Delhi, India 226 Questions 325 Answers 23 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Kirti Asked: July 6, 20212021-07-06T01:15:20+05:30 2021-07-06T01:15:20+05:30In: UPSC PRELIMS Describe Sufi Movement. Describe Sufi Movement. general Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Ishu Innovative 370 Questions 228 Answers 176 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Ishu Innovative 2021-07-06T01:20:00+05:30Added an answer on July 6, 2021 at 1:20 am Sufi Movement: The important changes in the realm of ideas and beliefs in the Islamic religion took place in 10th century AD -the rise of sufi mystic orders. Mystics, who are called Sufis, were persons of deep devotion who were disgusted by the display of wealth and degeneration of morals following the establishment of the Islamic empire. The core concept of Sufi Movement is Darikh-i-Duniya / Wahad-ul-wahjud, meaning “Universal Brotherhood”. It outwardly rejected the religion and emphasized love and devotion to God and compassion towards all fellow human beings. The Sufi orders are broadly divided into two: Ba-shara – Those who followed the Islamic Law and Be shara – Those who were not bound by the Islamic Law. Both of these orders prevailed in India-Of the Bashara movements, only Chisthi silsilah and suharwardi silsilah gained significant influence in India. The Beshara were also called ‘mast kalandar’. They comprised of wandering monks who were also called Baba. They did not leave any written accounts. The Sufis were organized in 12 orders or Silsilahs. A Silsilah was generally led by a prominent mystic who lived in a Khanqah or hospice along with his disciples. The Sufi saints made themselves popular by adopting musical recitations called “Sama”, to create a mood of nearness to God. Qawwali is the form of sufi devotional music popular in South Asia and ghazal is a form of Qawwali. The four main Sufi orders – Chisti, Qadiriyya, Suhrawardiyya and Naqshbandi order were practiced in India. 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Cancel the best answer Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What is E-Waste? Describe Narrow Band-Internet of Things (NB-IoT).