Sweety Stay Original. 142 Questions 116 Answers 102 Best Answers 783 Points View Profile Sweety Asked: July 26, 20202020-07-26T19:58:27+05:30 2020-07-26T19:58:27+05:30In: UPSC CSE Describe Stupa Architecture Describe Stupa Architecture. historytemple architecture Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Rajnish Optimist 145 Questions 255 Answers 237 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Rajnish Optimist 2020-07-26T20:37:55+05:30Added an answer on July 26, 2020 at 8:37 pm One of the oldest stupas is the Great Stupa at Sanchi, in central India. The world-famous stupa was first built in brick by Mauryan emperor Ashoka of the 3rd century BCE was later extended in stone to twice its original height. Stupa architecture includes: A hemispherical mound at top (Anda): The domed shape recalls a mound of dirt that was used to cover the Buddha’s remains. A square railing (harmika): The harmika is inspired by a square railing or fence circling the dirt mound, marking it out as a sacred burial ground. A central pillar supporting a triple-umbrella form (chattra): In addition, the chattra was derived from umbrellas placed over the mound to protect it against the elements. Enclosure wall with decorated gateways at the cardinal directions (toranas): The wall with three horizontal stone bars with its signature-surrounds the entire structure. A circular terrace (medhi): The terrace surrounded by a similar railing with three bars supports the anda and lifts it off the ground. 2 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What are the Issues with Government of India Act, 1935? Tell us about the Government of India Act, 1935.