Kirti Delhi, India 226 Questions 325 Answers 23 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Kirti Asked: June 5, 20212021-06-05T14:07:06+05:30 2021-06-05T14:07:06+05:30In: UPSC PRELIMS Describe Mauryan Empire. Describe Mauryan Empire. general Share Facebook 1 Answer Recent Ishu Innovative 370 Questions 228 Answers 176 Best Answers 1k Points View Profile Best Answer Ishu Innovative 2021-06-05T14:20:59+05:30Added an answer on June 5, 2021 at 2:20 pm Mauryan Empire: The tradition of constructing pillars is very old and it may be observed that the erection of pillars was prevalent in the Achaemenian empire as well. But the Mauryan pillars are different from the Achaemenian pillars. The Mauryan pillars are rock-cut pillars thus displaying the carver’s skills, whereas the Achaemenian pillars are constructed in pieces by a mason. Stone pillars were erected by Ashoka, which have been found in the north Indian part of the Mauryan Empire with inscriptions engraved on them. Ashokan pillars are quite similar to each other in form and dimensions. They are made of sandstone quarried at Chunar. The top portion of the pillar was carved with capital figures like the bull, the lion, the elephant, etc. All the capital figures are vigorous and carved standing on a square or circular abacus. Abacuses are decorated with stylized lotuses. Some of the existing pillars with capital figures were found at Basarah-Bakhira, LauriyaNandangarh, and Rampurva in Bihar, Sankisa, and Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh. The Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath popularly known as the Lion Capital is the finest example of Mauryan sculptural tradition. It is also our national emblem. It is carved with considerable care—the voluminous roaring lion figures firmly standing on a circular abacus which is carved with the figures of a horse, a bull, a lion and an elephant in vigorous movement. This capital was built by Ashoka in commemoration of the historical event of the first sermon or the Dhammachakrapravartana by the Buddha at Sarnath. Rampurva Bull capital is a magnificent third-century B.C. sandstone capital. It gets the name from the site of its discovery, Rampurva in Bihar. The Rampurva Bull is noted for its delicately sculpted model demonstrating superior representation of soft flesh, sensitive nostrils, alert ears, and strong legs. It has a mixture of Indian and Persian elements. Whereas the motifs on the base, atop the inverted lotus, the rosette, palmette, and the acanthus ornaments are not Indian features, the bull capital is a masterpiece of Indian craftsmanship. The Rampurva Bull sculpture is said to have a velvet touch. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Cancel the best answer Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer. Related Questions What is E-Waste? Describe Narrow Band-Internet of Things (NB-IoT).