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Twenty-Fourth Amendment Act, 1971 Affirmed the power of Parliament to amend any part of the Constitution including fundamental rights. Made it compulsory for the president to give his assent to a Constitutional Amendment Bill. NOTE: It was introduced to amend article 368 suitably for the purRead more
Seventeenth Amendment Act, 1964 Prohibited the acquisition of land under personal cultivation unless the market value of the land is paid as compensation. Included 44 more Acts in the Ninth Schedule.
Sixteenth Amendment Act,1963 Empowered the state to impose further restriction on the rights to freedom of speech and expression,to assemble peaceably and to form associations in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India. Included sovereignty and integrity in the forms of oaths or affirmatRead more
Fourteenth Amendment Act,1962 Incorporated Puducherry in the Indian Union. Provided for the creation of legislatures and council of ministers for the Union Territories of Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Goa, Daman and Diu, and Puducherry
Eleventh Amendment Act, 1961 Changed the procedure of election of the vice-president by providing for an electoral college instead of a joint meeting of the two Houses of Parliament. Provided that the election of the president or vice-president cannot be challenged on the ground of any vacancy in thRead more
Seventh Amendment Act,1956 Abolished the existing classification of states into four categories i.e., Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D states, and reorganised them into 14 states and 6 union territories. Extended the jurisdiction of high courts to union territories. Provided for the establishment oRead more
Fourth Amendment Act, 1955 Made the scale of compensation given in lieu of compulsory acquisition of private property beyond the scrutiny of courts. Authorised the state to nationalise any trade. Included some more Acts in the Ninth Schedule. Extended the scope of Article 31 A (savings of laws).
Justification Explanation: A secondary rainbow appears outside of a primary rainbow and develops when light entering a raindrop undergoes two internal reflections instead of just one (as is the case with a primary rainbow). The intensity of light is reduced even further by the second reflection, soRead more