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The coldest place on the earth is Verkhoyansk. Explanation: Verkhoyansk is a town in Verkhoyansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Yana River near the Arctic Circle, 675 kilometers from Yakutsk. Temperature inversions are common in this location in the winter, due to the extremRead more
The epicenter is the point on the earth’s surface vertically above the hypocenter (or focus), the point in the crust where a seismic rupture begins producing an earthquake. In the immediate region of the epicenter, the earthquake's impacts may not be as severe. The epicenter can be found by calculatRead more
Government securities (G-Secs) are debt instruments issued by the government to borrow money. The government of India may issue from time to time the following types of Government Securities: Securities with fixed coupon rates: The securities will carry a specific coupon rate ( rate of interest paidRead more
Patent Prosecution Highway program: Patent prosecution is the process of drafting, filing, and negotiating with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in order to obtain patent protection and rights for an invention. Patent prosecution is distinct from patent litigation, which describes legalRead more
Sial refers to the upper layer of the earth’s crust. Explanation: It is rich in silicon and aluminum.
The Cretaceous period was frequented by increased volcanic activities. Explanation: The Cretaceous Period is defined as the time period between 145.5 and 65.5 million years ago,* the last period of the Mesozoic Era that followed the Jurassic and ended with the extinction of dinosaurs (except birds).
The Mantle is the largest layer in terms of volume and mass. Explanation: Despite the fact that the core and mantle are roughly similar in thickness, the core only makes up 15% of the Earth's volume, while the mantle makes up 84 percent. The remaining 1% is made up of the crust.
The lower mantle from the outer core is separated by Gutenberg discontinuity. Explanation: The Gutenberg discontinuity, located about 2,880 kilometers (1,798 miles) beneath Earth's surface, separates the mantle from the core. The outer core is made up of molten and liquid iron and nickel, whereas thRead more
The top of a volcano called Crater. Explanation: A crater can be found at the volcano's highest point. Calderas can be found on some volcanoes.
Oxygen is the dominant element of the earth’s crust. Explanation: Oxygen, which composes about 49.5 percent of the total mass of the Earth's crust, waters, and atmosphere, according to the textbook “Modern Chemistry.” Silicon is second at 28 percent. Aluminum is a distant third, at only 8 percent. CRead more